The monastery of the Theotokos Pammakaristos is located in the Fatih district of Istanbul. Pammakaristos was built during the Komnenian reign as a Middle Age Byzantine church and was later added to with late Byzantine architecture. The parekklesion was dedicated to Christ and added on the south side of Pammakaristos by Maria in the 14th century to house her husband’s tomb.
From 1455 to 1587, the church became the seat of the Patriarchate under Gennadios II Scholarios. The Ottoman Sultan Murad III turned it into a mosque and named it “Fethiye” to honor Georgia’s victory.
It was renovated several times, specially restored extensively between 1938 and 1940, and converted into a museum. The Byzantine Institute has uncovered all the mosaics and frescoes.
History of the Pammakaristos Monastery
Pammakaristos Monastery, also known as “The Church of All Saints,” is a stunning Byzantine church located in Istanbul, Turkey. This historical monument has a rich and fascinating history that spans several centuries and is considered one of the most important cultural landmarks in the city.
The Pammakaristos Monastery was built in the 14th century, during the Byzantine era. It was originally constructed as a nunnery but was later converted into a monastery for male monks. The monastery was a major center of religious and cultural activity in Constantinople and was known for its exquisite decoration and impressive architecture.
The Architecture of Pammakaristos Monastery
One of the most striking features of the Pammakaristos Monastery is its intricate frescoes and mosaics. These works of art cover the walls and ceilings of the church and depict scenes from the Bible and the lives of the saints. The church’s most famous fresco is “The Dormition of the Virgin,” which depicts the death and assumption of the Virgin Mary into heaven. This fresco is thought to be one of the best pieces of Byzantine art. It shows how talented and creative the Byzantine artists who made it were.
Another noteworthy feature of the Pammakaristos Monastery is its impressive dome. The dome is supported by four massive pillars and is covered in intricate frescoes and mosaics. The dome is a marvel of engineering and architectural design, and it serves as a symbol of the power and influence of the Byzantine Empire during its height.
In the years following the Ottoman conquest of Constantinople, the Pammakaristos Monastery was converted into a mosque. The mosque was used for religious purposes for several centuries, but it was eventually abandoned and fell into disrepair. In the 19th century, the church was founded again, and in the early 20th century, it was fixed up.
Today, the Pammakaristos Monastery is open to the public as a museum and is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Istanbul. Visitors can admire the beautiful frescoes and mosaics, explore the impressive dome, and learn about the rich history of the church and the Byzantine Empire.
In conclusion, the Pammakaristos Monastery is a stunning example of Byzantine architecture and art. This historical monument has survived for centuries and is a testament to the artistic skill and creativity of the Byzantine artists who created it. Whether you’re a history buff, an art lover, or simply someone who appreciates beauty and elegance, the Pammakaristos Monastery is a must-visit destination in Istanbul.
Q: What is the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: The Pammakaristos Monastery is a Byzantine church and former monastery in Istanbul, Turkey.
Q: Where is the Pammakaristos Monastery located?
A: The Pammakaristos Monastery is located in the Fener neighborhood of Istanbul, Turkey.
Q: How old is the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: The Pammakaristos Monastery was built in the late 12th century, during the Byzantine Empire.
Q: What is the history of the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: The Pammakaristos Monastery was originally built as a church but was later converted into a mosque during Ottoman rule. It has served as both a religious and cultural center for centuries.
Q: What is the significance of the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: The Pammakaristos Monastery is an important historical and cultural site in Istanbul and is known for its well-preserved Byzantine architecture and rich cultural heritage.
Q: What can I see at the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: Visitors to the Pammakaristos Monastery can see the former church and mosque, as well as the surrounding grounds, including a courtyard and several small chapels.
Q: How do I get to the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: The Pammakaristos Monastery can be reached by public transportation or by car and is located in the Fener neighborhood of Istanbul.
Q: Is there an entrance fee to visit the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: There is an entrance fee to visit the Pammakaristos Monastery, although the cost may vary.
Q: Are there any restrictions for visiting the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: Visitors are required to dress modestly and remove their shoes before entering the monastery. There may also be restrictions during prayer times; it is best to check ahead of time.
Q: Are there any facilities at the Pammakaristos Monastery?
A: There are limited facilities at the Pammakaristos Monastery, including restrooms, but visitors are encouraged to bring their food and drinks.
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Map of Pammakaristos Monastery